What is Organic Cotton? Why should you shop for it?

What is Organic Cotton? Why should you shop for it?

When we think “organic”, we mostly think about food, for example, fruit, vegetables and meat. But do you know that any product that is grown on a farm or uses farm outputs can be organic too? For example, clothing, homeware, personal care and lifestyle products, and this includes fibres such as cotton, which derive from plants.

Cotton is the world’s most important non-food crop, we consume over 28 million tonnes of it per year. There are 300 million people involved in cotton production worldwide and 17 million cotton farmers in India alone.

We know that it's important to eat food that is not covered in pesticides and similarly, we are learning that what we put on our skin is just as important. The clothes we wear and the sheets that we sleep on should be as chemical-free as possible! Just like organic food, organic cotton crops are grown without any genetic-modification, chemical pesticides or insecticides. They are also produced in an organic factory using organic dyes. This is safer for you, for the environment and for all the farmers and their communities. A win-win situation.



White & Green Co-Founder, Rebecca, with our famers in India


The Effects of Non-Organic Cotton Production

Toxic Pesticides, Fertilisers and Dyes

Cotton is known as the "dirty crop". Why? It only takes up 2.5% of world agricultural land, but it uses 16%- 25% of global pesticides- that is 2 billion US Dollars worth of pesticides per year! But what is so bad about these chemical products? They contain some of the most dangerous and poisonous chemicals as classified by the World Health Organisation, such as deltamethrin, endosulfan, aldicarb, parathion, methamidophos and alphacypermethrin. Organic farming instead relies on preventing these pests from becoming a problem to begin with, using techniques that create a more diverse and balanced ecosystem, such as crop rotation, mixed cultivation and the promotion of natural pesticide enemies. 


The Health of Workers

When buying organic food or clothing, we tend to forget about the people who have grown the crops and processed them. 1 million agricultural workers are hospitalised every year from acute pesticide poisoning. They report dizziness, shortness of breath, depression, and vomiting amongst other severe symptoms. Where farmers and workers do not have the money or access to emergency medical treatment, these poisonings often result in death. Even those not directly involved in the spraying can be affected as they rely on the surrounding land for their food and water supplies. Children are the most vulnerable and are often the first victims of pesticide poisoning.


Environmental Health

Pesticides destroy soil fertility, which means that after a couple of years and exacerbated by global warming and climate change, crop yields decline drastically. Farmers are left with debt from buying all of these pesticides from middle men, and no crop to sell. The pesticides also seep into local ecosystems poisoning wildlife such as honey bees and bats, setting off a chain of detrimental damage to our planet.


Organic Products and Your Health

Pesticides and insecticides are something most of us have heard of at least once in our lives and we are aware that we should try and stay away from them...but why? Well, studies have shown that these harmful chemicals have been identified as cancer causing agents. Pesticide exposure can cause changes in hormones as well as damage to DNA.


Our Cotton Farmers and their families in Orissa


The Benefits Of Organic

Any product sold as “Organic” has to comply with a strict set of standards and will be labeled with one or both of the following:

  • Soil Association Organic Symbol
  • Global Organic Textile Standards



Soil Assocation Approved Logo       Global Organic Textile Standard Logo 


All farms, factories and businesses along the supply chain must be inspected and audited every year. This means all products will be:

  • Free from dangerous pesticides, fertilisers and dyes
  • Without artificial colours or preservatives
  • Free range
  • Without routine use of antibiotics
  • Non genetically modified



What You Can Do To Help

Everytime we shop, we have the power to change the world with our pockets. When we support organic, we are supporting farming communities around the world and we are ensuring a more sustainable future for our environment. We are also looking after our own health too!


It’s also worth noting that most organic brands buy their supplies directly from farming cooperatives. These cooperatives cut out middle men in the supply chain, directly connecting smallholder farmers to the international market, ensuring they get more money for their produce.


There are so many wonderful organic brands available now that making the switch to organic produce couldn’t be easier! Just look out for that Organic symbol in your local store or actively search for Organic brands online! We also encourage you to read our blog post on Fairtrade and why you should try to buy products with both certifications!


What We Do!

We set up White & Green as an entirely Organic and Fairtrade cotton bedding brand. You can shop our products on our website here with nationwide delivery!

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